Gaensebluemchen need a lot of water

Daisies, Bellis, Tausendschön - care instructions

Daisies, the indigenous “Bellis perennis”, belong to our original flowers, every child knows the little white flower heads with the yellow center, every teen in love has plucked white flower petals and “He / she loves me, doesn't love me ... ”Mumbled. This oracle may end up disappointing, daisies in your garden will never disappoint you: the care instructions are basically limited to a few sentences for the undemanding growth miracles, especially the natural form will grow willingly almost everywhere in your garden, and that for several years without Work, actually all by itself.

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Characteristics

  • The daisy is botanically called Bellis perennis and is one of the most famous plants in Central Europe
  • It is included in the order of the aster-like and the daisy family
  • The daisies form the botanical genus Bellis with around a dozen species worldwide
  • Most of these species grow mainly in the Mediterranean region
  • Only one species can withstand significantly colder temperatures
  • This is the common daisy “Bellis perennis”, it occurs in all of Central and Northern Europe
  • It has also spread to many other areas of the world as a neophyte
  • The small perennials are available in many cultivars with all flower colors from white to red
  • The permanent bloomers bloom from March to June, sometimes until late in summer, sometimes even in mild winter
  • The natural form reaches heights of growth of 10 cm, the cultivated varieties become higher, but sometimes need winter protection

Location

Regarding the location, there are no special features to consider with the Tausendschön, they like to grow in full sun, but also in a fairly light penumbra. Only in a location in deep shade do you have to expect that the flowering will wear off.

Otherwise, the daisies beautify many areas in the garden as pretty white or pink spring flowers with their long flowering time into summer. They make themselves useful as valuable ground cover in cottage gardens, can be used as a border and border plant and are actually in good place wherever flowers with low growth heights in bright colors but minimal maintenance requirements are desired. Once established, they show every weed growth its limits.

Tip: Stuffed daisies can be planted near the garden seating area, because wasps can't do very much with them. If you add some of the following plants, you will hardly be bothered by wasps at your seat in the garden: Forsythias, double dahlias, geraniums, hyacinths, Japanese cherries, bud bloomers such as some heather species, conifers, pansy hybrids and tulips. It serves the same purpose if you place double daisies and other of the plants just mentioned as container plants on the terrace, but in both cases you should make sure that you plant "real plants" and not sterile hybrids in the rest of the garden so that the Do not completely remove insects that are so important for the garden to the neighbors.

Substrate and soil

In the wild, daisies like to grow in pastures or on the lawn in the park, they even make useful as pointer plants on compacted soil and overused meadows and pastures.

So even in gardens they take on compacted and rather too nutrient-rich substrates, they are generally extremely undemanding with regard to the soil composition. They can tolerate a soil that is too acidic, likes a lot of moisture, uncritically a loamy soil, but also any normal garden soil, even if it is only moderately rich in nutrients.

Thousands of flowers can be planted in any normal potting soil in a pot or bucket.

Planting and sowing

You can buy daisies as young plants in spring and plant them directly in the intended locations; the recommended planting distance is about half the growth width.

You can also sow the Bellis as seeds from June, this is the usual way, especially with the biennial cultivars. The tiny seeds (around 6,000 pieces per gram) are sown flat and kept evenly moist, germination takes place after one to two weeks.

Tip: If you buy young plants in the supermarket or garden center in spring, they are usually offered very early in the year. Sometimes too early, these young plants were grown in a greenhouse and are quite sensitive to cold. If frost is still to be expected in the area, you should first cultivate the young plants in the pot for some time and gradually harden them by placing them in later and later. Planted immediately in the bed, they could quickly freeze to death.

Watering and fertilizing

Thousands of beauty are also exemplary in terms of moisture supply - no one ever comes by to water the daisies out in the meadow. In fact, they don't need to be poured at all; but they don't mind if you give you some water occasionally during a longer period of drought. Daisies usually tolerate a little too much moisture in loamy soil, but the roots should not be permanently in water.

Daisies in the tub must of course be watered, especially if it is under one roof. The following applies here: keep it moist, but make sure that no waterlogging forms.

Daisies thrive in poor pastures, so they can usually do without any fertilizer in your garden.

Thousands of beauty in the bucket only have to be fertilized when it comes to perennial varieties; the two-year-old varieties usually get by with the fertilizer contained in the potting soil.

Tip: If your lawn is overgrown with both moss and a lot of daisies, this is a sign that the lawn is over-acidic. Then you should take a soil sample before spring fertilization and determine the pH. If the soil is just a bit too acidic, adding fertilizer at the beginning of the season can bring the soil's pH value back into line; you can determine this by taking another measurement in late summer. If the pH is still significantly too low, your lawn should be given some lime at the beginning of autumn, around 50 grams per square meter is recommended.

To cut

Daisies can be pruned, even if it sounds weird at first. Pruning is always advisable if the perennial Tausendschön are to stay exactly where they were planted, then you have to remove the withered flower stalks immediately after flowering to prevent self-sowing.

Even if the small perennials are allowed to grow wild in the lawn, you can at least cut back the daisies that have remained in the bed by a hand's breadth at the start of budding in February / March, so that they form beautiful, fresh shoots (the lawnmower does this for the wild Bellis in the lawn).

Multiply

The short-lived varieties are propagated by sowing, everything else is not worth it.

Perennial daisies can be propagated not only by sowing but also by dividing them. To do this, you take the plants out of the ground at the start of budding or after flowering, pull the root ball apart in the middle and plant the parts again, which is also a rejuvenation of the plant.

Overwinter

The natural form of Bellis perennis is a plant whose frost hardiness is specified as USDA winter hardiness zone 4, which corresponds to an average minimum temperature of -34 ° C, which is rarely reached even in the “Siberian regions” of Germany.

The situation is different for the mostly two-year-old cultivars, they need winter protection and, in addition to the seasonal leaves, cover with brushwood or suitable mulch.

Species and varieties

The daisy is a well-known and widespread plant with us, which is expressed in an abundance of popular names: The three names from the title are perhaps the best-known, but the attractive little one also listens to the terms Maßliebchen and Monthly Roserl, and regional the little beauty is known in German-speaking countries by an unbelievable 120 different names, from A for Angerbleamerl to Z for Zytlosenkrut. The namesake Carl von Linné also wanted to pay tribute to the daisy with its botanical name, Bellis means beautiful in Latin and perennis persistent, perennial.

The Bellis perennis is the only daisy that feels comfortable in temperatures below the Mediterranean level. As the temperatures are getting chilly in quite a number of states and the Bellis perennis are being bred in all of these states, there are now a handsome range of cultivars:

  • Bellissima flowers red
  • Carpet is available in pink, red and white
  • Day-Zee flowers hot pink, red, or white
  • Enorma has very long stems and needs good winter cover
  • Floro pleno is a “country beauty” with double, red flowers
  • Galaxy shows ball blossoms in red, rose and white
  • Habanera has filigree, double flowers in red, rose, white and white with red tips
  • Kito blooms early in the year and is cherry pink
  • Medici shows red, rose and white flowers
  • Monstrosa develops red, rose-colored or white double flowers
  • Pomponette is a small-flowered daisy with ruffled petals in red, rose, white
  • Radar can bloom in white or red, but the flowers will definitely be quite large
  • Robella shows large, pale flowers between salmon and flamingo
  • Roggli grows into a compact plant and shows its approx. 5 cm large, bright pink flowers very early
  • Rominette flowers carmine, pink, red or white
  • Speedstar produces its white, pink or red flowers with astonishing speed
  • Super Enorma shows decorative flower balls in red, pink, hot pink or white late in the year
  • Tasso blooms in deep rose, pink, red, white and “strawberry cream” (light pink, salmon, cream), the series has won awards in Great Britain
  • Most cultivars are also offered as a mix with different colored flowers

Many of the cultivated varieties are between 15 and 30 cm tall, considerably larger than the wild form and are grown to have a magnificent abundance of flowers, often with double flowers up to pompons that can reach 6 cm in circumference. Such breeding results are bought with genetic losses elsewhere, so these cultivars are not very resistant and are quickly spent, they are therefore only cultivated as biennial plants. Usually, however, daisies are perennial, and the natural or wild form is that too.

If you value a really easy to care for and really “authentic” daisy, you should look around for the natural form. B. at the organic gardener. Such daisies are the best choice for the garden, because they are real, genetically not artificially modified plants, in which no genes are quickly and uncritically e.g. B. were “killed” in favor of a slightly larger flower.

frequently asked Questions

Are Daisies Poisonous?
No not true. They do contain saponins, such as legumes, asparagus, spinach, tomatoes, potatoes and many other food plants, and they are already potentially poisonous. But only in portions that an ordinary person will hardly consume, you can even place a few flower heads decoratively on your salad and easily eat them with them. The young leaves from the middle of the rosette and the nutty buds are also tasty in the salad, and you can pickle the buds and use them as a substitute for capers.

I find blue daisies particularly beautiful, but why should they only be annual?
Because they are not daisies, but an Australian flowering plant from the Brachyscome genus, which would not be winter-proof here even in the perennial species. But the annual blue daisy “Brachyscome iberidifolia” is usually cultivated and traded as an ornamental plant.