What is the study of planet earth

Study astronomy

Astronomy deals with the Investigation of objects in the universe. The researchers in this scientific sub-area of ​​physics investigate how the universe is structured, which laws govern it and how it was created. In addition to the bodies and space matter, the measurable and visible space radiation is also examined.

The astronomy study

Astronomy is divided into several, partly overlapping, subject areas. The classification is based on the objects that are examined in the respective subject areas and on whether the research within this area is observational or theoretical.

The observational astronomy deals with the study of radiation and the particles that come to earth. The focus is on gamma, X-ray and infrared radiation as well as radio waves.

in the Department of Astrophysics celestial phenomena and their physical basis are examined. Astrophysics is sometimes an independent subject, but some universities also offer it in combination with astronomy and treat it as a branch of physics.

Closely related to astrophysics is that cosmologythat tries to describe the universe on the basis of its physical laws.

Astrometry is considered to be the counterpart to astrophysics. In this subject, everything revolves around the calculation of the movements of stars and their position measurement. The star catalogs are created on the basis of the findings from astrometry.

In the field of Astrodynamics the movements of the individual astronomically observed celestial bodies are described.

A young branch of astronomy is that Exoplanetology. In this research area, planets outside the solar system are examined based on their movements.

There is an essential characteristic of astronomy as a subject in the numerous shortcutsthat the subject has with other natural science subjects. This also applies to the sub-areas listed above and to their interaction with one another.

Previous knowledge

Prospective students should be curious and interested in general science questions and methods. astronomy Has a lot with math and physics to do, therefore, in addition to interest, there should also be a certain talent in these subjects. A high level in mathematics provided, although preliminary courses are offered at most universities, which bring the students to the necessary level. Since the specialist literature in the field of astronomy is very often only available in English, sufficient reading skills in this language are essential. An experienced use of the computer should be compulsory if you are interested in such a degree.

 

Admission Restrictions

Since astronomy can almost exclusively be taken as a focus in physics studies, the NC in physics is of interest here. In the 2015/16 winter semester, there was no admission to studying physics at universities that offer astronomy as part of the physics program.

Astronomy courses in Germany

Astronomy is in Germany not as an independent subject offered; it is one of the so-called small subjects. At some universities it is offered as a major within an undergraduate degree in physics.
In Heidelberg, the Ruprecht-Karls-University in addition to the major in astronomy, there is also a major physics educated. After completing the master’s degree, it is possible to switch to the astronomy doctoral program. There is also a chair for astronomy in Bochum. Astronomy is at Ruhr-University Bochum as an elective module within the physics course (Physics (B.Sc.)) selectable. At the Ludwig Maximilians University (LMU) in Munich can physics be studied for a bachelor's degree with an astrophysical component. After completing a master’s degree, it is possible to study in astrophysics to follow up with a doctorate in astronomy. A university degree with at least “good” as a grade is the entry requirement. Also at the Eberhard Karls University in Tübingen, astronomy can only be taken as a "major in astronomy and astrophysics" in the physics course. At the University of Halle-Wittenberg it is possible, astronomy to study for teaching as a supplementary subject. Astronomy can be chosen as a complementary subject to the courses in physics, geography or mathematics.

Course of study

In addition to the modules that must be taken in the physics course, in the advanced modules astronomy and astrophysics it depends on where the valid module handbooks of the respective university set the focus.

Stand in Bochum extragalactic astronomy, observational cosmology and astroparticle physics in the centre. An internship must also be completed. In addition to the observatory, there is also a planetarium in this city, so Bochum offers ideal conditions for such studies.

When studying astrophysics in Munich, two astrophysics lectures and an internship and a seminar with topics from astrophysics must be completed. In addition, the topic of the bachelor thesis must come from this area. The course takes place at the Munich University Observatory instead of.

Tübingen offers students a wide range of modules from which the required credit points can be collected. In addition to astrophysics, there are modules from the following areas Cosmology, Variable Stars, Structure and Evolution of Stars and a few other topics to choose from. An astronomical one Internship at the institute's reflector telescopes is being offered.

At the Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, which offers astronomy as a supplementary subject for teaching, four modules with the content spherical astronomy, celestial mechanics and space travel, cosmology, optics and observation devices to be completed. At the end of this part of the course there is an obligatory internship.

Career prospects and entry opportunities after studying astronomy

Since the subject of astronomy is part of the physics course in Germany and physicists currently have good chances on the job market, job prospects are not bad. However, if graduates want to work in the field of astronomy, hang out the prospects greatly depend on the funding of the various research institutions from. In order to find a job there, a doctorate is required. In this case, you should have already made a name for yourself through publications or by working on specialist articles in the desired area. Stays abroad and attending colloquia should also be a matter of course. Astronomy is set up internationally, There are research institutions all over the world. Accordingly, graduates across Europe will have to look for - mostly temporary - job opportunities. But despite all the internationality: The number of jobs is limited. Most graduates are therefore more likely to find employment in related professions (measurement technology, navigation, instrument making). If the publishing and writing of articles is your thing and you are aiming for a journalistic career, you can also join a specialist magazine as a journalist.


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