Are we all really the same?

Constitution. The fundamental rights

This chapter as a listening offer


Article 3

(1) All people are equal before the law.
(2) Men and women have equal rights. The state promotes the actual implementation of equality between women and men and works towards the elimination of existing disadvantages.
(3) Nobody may be disadvantaged or preferred because of their gender, their descent, their race, their language, their homeland and origin, their beliefs, their religious or political views. Nobody may be disadvantaged because of his disability.
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Article 3 says:
All are equal before the law.
That means:
  • All people have the same rights.
  • The state must treat all people equally.
  • The state must not treat anyone better or worse: No matter whether someone comes from a famous family,
    is an important boss or a poor man.
It is not always easy to treat everyone equally.
Every person is different.

It happens often,
that people from other people
treated worse than others.
For example because they are different
than most other people in Germany.

That's why the Basic Law says:
  • Nobody may be favored or disadvantaged,
    because of the religion he has.
  • Nobody may be favored or disadvantaged,
    just because he was born in another country.
    Anyone can be President of Germany or
    Become mayor of his city.
    He must be old enough and have a German passport.
    For example, nobody may be disadvantaged
    because he was born in Turkey or Iran
    or because he is a Muslim.

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  • Nobody may be favored or disadvantaged,
    because of the color of the skin.
    For example, nobody is allowed to go for them because of their skin color
    the same offense can be punished more lightly or more severely.

  • Nobody may be favored or disadvantaged,
    because of the politics, which he likes.

  • Nobody may be favored or disadvantaged,
    because of the language he learned as a child.
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  • Nobody should be disadvantaged
    because of a disability.

That is why it is the responsibility of the state
to take care of:
How can people in wheelchairs make good use of train stations? How can people who need easy language
also understand the websites of government offices?
Article 3 is a Equality law.
Secure equality,
that all people are treated equally.
There are other equality rights in the Basic Law.
  • For example, counts in the election to the Bundestag
    every voice the same.
  • All German citizens have
    the same right to public office.
    No matter what skin color you have,
    what religion they have
    or which politics they like.
Men and women are equal.
This is what Article 3 says explicitly.
What men can do, women can do too. And vice versa.

When the Basic Law was passed,
women weren't allowed to
what men were allowed to do.
  • Until 1958 a man was allowed to quit his wife's job,
    without asking her.
  • Until 1977, wives had to ask their husbands permission to
    if they wanted to work in a paid profession.
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That was changed because it was against the Basic Law.

Today women can choose any profession.
For example: pilot, police officer, firefighter or mayor.
The head of the German government is a woman:
Angela Merkel. She is the Federal Chancellor.
So much has become fairer in Germany.
Also because equality is in the Basic Law.
Many people are proud of it.

Nevertheless, equality has not yet been achieved everywhere.
  • Many women still earn in the same job
    less money than men doing the same job.
  • In many professions, women still have a harder time than men
    Most of the heads of large business corporations are men
Article 3 also says:
The state must do something to
that women no longer have any disadvantages.