Copenhagen has a metro system
With the opening of the Copenhagen subway Denmark has set new standards in terms of public transport. The metro network serves three cities in the capital region, namely Frederiksberg, Copenhagen itself and Tårnby. The driverless light rail network is connected to the Moviabus and DSB train networks as well as other means of mass transport in the region.
Two lines are currently in operation within the network, the M1 and the M2 with a total route length of 20.4 km. The two lines have a common section. There are a total of 22 stops along the route. Nine of them are built underground. The network is operated by the subway company. According to reports from 2013, the network carries 55 million passengers annually. The trains run at a maximum speed of 80 km / h.
The Copenhagen subway is owned by Metroselskabet, a joint venture between the municipalities of Copenhagen and Frederiksberg and the Danish Ministry of Transport. The network was designed as part of a funding program for the Ørestad region. The Ørestader Entwicklungsgesellschaft, which was entrusted with this structural program, considered several means of mass transport and finally decided on a light rail system. The plans were finally approved in 1992.
Construction work on section 1 began in 1996. The Copenhagen subway construction company was entrusted with the construction of the lines, while Ansaldo STS was to supply the trains and the associated technology. The latter was also entrusted with the task of managing the network for the first five years of operation, but this responsibility was transferred to the subway company.
- Section 1 was opened on October 19, 2002. It covered the route from Nørreport to Vestamager and Lergravsparken. It was opened personally by Queen Margaret II.
- Section 2, the line between Vanløse and Nørreport, opened in 2003.
- Section 3 from Lufthavnen to Lergravsparken was opened in 2007. In the same year the Metroselskabet I / S became the owner of the subway.
The subway network operates around the clock and all week long, but the frequency of the trains fluctuates depending on the time of day.
During the rush hour between 7:00 and 9:00 and 14:00 to 18:00 there is a train every two minutes on the common sections and every four minutes on the individual sections.
At all other times, a train runs every three minutes on the shared sections and every six minutes on the individual sections.
On Fridays and Saturdays from midnight to early morning a train runs every seven to eight minutes on the individual sections and every 15 minutes on the individual sections.
In the remaining nights, the frequency on all routes is 20 minutes.
You can find the subway timetable here.
Lines and stops
34 underground trains of the AnsaldoBreda type, consisting of three wagons, run on the lines. The stops can also accommodate trains consisting of four wagons, provided the automatic doors are modified. The trains are controlled from a computerized train control center near the control and maintenance center at Vestamager station.
The stops are open and bright. The design was conceived by KHR Arkitekter. The Forum stop was nominated in 2005 for the EU prize in the contemporary architecture category.
The lines share a common route from their starting point in Vanløse to Christianshavn. Then they split up. Line 1 takes the Ørestad line to Vestamager, while line 2 takes the Østamager line to the airport. From Nørreport it takes 15 minutes to get to the airport, 14 minutes to Vestamager and 9 minutes to Vanløse.
The M1 is marked in green on the map. It is 13.9 km long and has 15 stops. It runs from Vanløse stop to Vestamager stop. It is the public transport of choice for people from the Ørestad neighborhood to get to the city center. A complete trip on the route takes 23 minutes.
The M1 leaves from Vanløse and goes to the municipality of Frederiksberg, the industrial and residential area Lindevang, the city center, etc. Important points on the route are the campus of the Copenhagen Business School, the Copenhagen University (Campus Frederiksberg), the Royal Danish Music Academy, the Field department store as well as various company offices.
The stops on the line are: Vestamager, Vanløse, Lindevang, Fasanvej, Frederiksberg, Nørreport, Forum, Flintholm, Peblinge Sø, Kongens Nytorv, Islands Brygge, Christianshavns Canal, Christianshavn, DR Byen, Sundby, Stadsgraven, Bella Center, ØrestadTrain, E20
The M2 line is marked in yellow on the map. It is 14.2 km long and has 16 stops. It connects Lufthavnen with Vanløse and runs through the city center of Copenhagen. The line provides a convenient connection to Copenhagen Airport. The Lufthavnen stop is located under Terminal 3 at Copenhagen Airport. From this stop, passengers can transfer to international trains to Sweden, intercity trains to Stockholm, DBS trains and others.
Many sights and important points on the M1 line can also be reached via the M2 line. The area around the Amagerbro stop is known for its shopping, dining and recreational facilities. The line also runs through industrial areas, residential areas, beach areas, etc. A complete journey on the line takes about 24 minutes.
The stops on the line are: Lufthavnen, Vanløse, Fasanvej, Frederiksberg, Forum, Peblinge Sø, Lindevang, Nørreport, Kongens Nytorv, Flintholm, Christianshavns Canal, Lergravsparken, Christianshavn, E20, Amagerbro, Øresund, Kastrup, Fem, Stadrensgraven
The metro network is originally with a line running from east to west and west to south, but is supposed to undergo extensive expansions:
- Construction of the M3 and M4 lines is already underway. They are called the city ring line because they form a ring around the city center. These are completely underground lines that have no routes in common with M1 and M2. The lines are scheduled to start operating in 2020.
- A section to Nordhaven with two stops is scheduled to start operating in 2019.
- An extension is to be built in Sydhavn to provide a connection to Ny Ellebjerg via the S-Bahn. This extension should also provide a connection to the Copenhagen-Ringsted Railway.
- The F-Line of the S-Bahn system will possibly be converted into an underground line under the name M5.
- Lines M6 and M7 are designed as western extensions of lines M1 and M2.
Fares and tickets
Thanks to the proof of payment system, nobody can get on the trains without a valid ticket. The metro tariff area is divided into several zones and the fare is calculated similarly to other public transport in the greater Copenhagen area.
Tickets and passes can be purchased from the vending machines at the stops, on the trains or online. Either cash in Danish coins or credit cards can be used to pay. The price for a two-zone ticket is 24 Danish kroner, a three-zone ticket 36 DKK and an all-zone ticket 108 DKK.
An electronic ticket system called Rejsekort is used on the Copenhagen Metro. However, this is only available to residents of Copenhagen. If you don't want to calculate zones and fares, buy a city pass. Another good alternative is the Copenhagen Card, which can be used in various modes of transport and also to visit 73 local attractions. There is also a Flexcard that allows you to travel as much as you want for seven days.
Passengers with the City Pass, Copenhagen Card and children under the age of 12 can travel on the metro for free. Every adult can take two children under the age of 12 with them for free.
For details on fares, please click here.
Equipment and service
The Copenhagen Metro has taken all measures to ensure the safety and comfort of all passengers.
- The tunnel on routes M1 and M2 has built-in emergency exits every 600m.
- There are special tickets for bicycles and pets.
- All stops are equipped with an information column with a large information screen. The stops are handicapped-friendly.
- To get to the surface, the stops have escalators and elevators.
- Parking spaces for bicycles, buses, cars, etc. are connected to all stops.
- The subway customer service will keep all lost items for up to ten days.
- If the subway is more than half an hour late, the operating company will partially cover the costs incurred on other means of transport.
Every passenger must adhere to the following rules:
- The tickets are valid for either 60, 90 or 120 minutes. This period starts immediately when the ticket is purchased.
- The fine for driving without a valid ticket is 750 DKK.
- Passengers have to wait behind the platform sliding door until the signal to enter the trains sounds.
- You can ask the train attendants for proof of identity at any time. Make sure you always have it with you when you ride the Copenhagen Metro.
For details on the rules, please click here.
These tips can help you save time and effort on your subway ride:
- From the airport, all trains go in the same direction. Don't worry that you might have caught the wrong train.
- Remember that the vending machines do not accept Danish banknotes.
- If you need help getting on and off the train, use the yellow call devices to call the train attendants.
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