Which costume does Fortunato wear

Joseph von Eichendorff, "The Marble Picture" (1819)



Analyze the first and second paragraphs and accurately describe the narrative perspective. What does Florio see on his ride to Lucca? What is the relationship between Florio and Fortunato like? Florio's view of Fortunato seems decisive. Characterize him. Follow this motif through the entire text! In what time does this story take place? Pay attention to the locations.


What does Fortunato tell Florio shortly before he leaves? How does Florio react to this? Watch the scene change. How are the "moral women" and "images of girls" of the new society described? What role does the singer Fortunato play in this society?


How is Florio and Fortunato recognized? Characterize the encounter between Florio and the "cute ball player." How does the song that Florio sings relate to the storyline? Interpret the sentence: "Only Fortunato alone belonged to all or none and appeared almost lonely in this graceful confusion." What is the principle behind this graceful confusion?


Read and interpret the song that Fortunato sings. What does the change of tone mean?


How is Donati's performance prepared and described? From what perspective do we get to know him? What effect does Donati's appearance have on society? Why is Florio "feeling strange" when he is suddenly alone with Donati on the square?


What does it mean that Donatis Ross is reluctant to ride into town? How does Fortunato judge Donati after he went home?


Interpret Florio's dream! What elements does it consist of? Why do sirens appear in it? Follow Florio's nocturnal walk outside and interpret the song he sings in a happy voice. Why is he suddenly so happy again? What is he thinking about?


Analyze Florio's encounter with the marble image of Venus. Why does Venus appear as a miracle flower? Why does he have to keep his eyes closed for a long time to avoid glare? How do you explain the sudden horror that overwhelms him?


What are Florio and Fortunato talking about the next morning? What does Florio mean by the following words: "There are still gentle and lofty sensations that are probably ashamed, but need not be ashamed"? Why is the desire "indefinite" that Florio retains in his soul from the apparitions of the night? Characterize this desire in more detail.


What is the nature of the "irresistible violence" that the beautiful marble painting has over Florio?


Describe the pleasure garden and the palace to which Florio "unexpectedly" comes. How is Florio's encounter with the lady who "unmistakably" bears the features of the marble picture?


Analyze the sundet that the lady sings unnoticed. Interpret Florio's reaction to this scene: "Florio stood lost in blooming dreams, it was as if he had known the beautiful lute player for a long time and had only been forgotten and lost in the distraction of life, as if she was now walking with melancholy between the noise of the sources underneath and kept calling him to follow her. "



Describe the re-encounter between Florio and Donati. How is Donati portrayed? What does he have to say about the lady's origin?

Follow Florio's further paths from the pleasure garden back to Lucca to his hostel. What kind of thoughts go through his head? How do you interpret the two female figures who stand at the window and call Florio's name?

The next morning, Florio meets the knight Donati again. How is this encounter portrayed? Why does Florio secretly shudder? Fortunato brings an invitation to a country house in front of town tomorrow evening, where Florio is to meet an old friend again.


Characterize the society on this country house. Interpret Florio's encounter with the petite girl in a Greek robe (why is it Greek?). Study art history images that recreate this scene (under "supplementary materials" on the web site).

How will the further encounter between these two develop? What is meant by "that strange double image" that has disappeared? Analyze the song of the Greek woman. What is its function? How does it relate to the plot of the novella? Why is the beautiful Greek woman compared to a naiad?

Why is the girl fleeing back to society? How does she react to the fact that she has been overheard? How do you interpret your advice to Florio: "Take the flowers of life happily as the moment gives them, and do not search for the roots, because below it is joyless and quiet."

What is hidden behind the veil that the Greek woman wears? Florio again feels "secret horror" at the "strange appearance." Why? Analyze Fortunato's song and its connection to the plot.

How does Bianca relate to the beautiful Greek? Draw a sketch of the figure constellation.


Describe what Bianca sees at night. From the window of his hostel, Florio sees the area "as quiet as a wonderfully interwoven hieroglyph in the magical moonlight." What does that mean? Why is Bianca crying at the end of this scene?


The next section begins after a break of several days. What does it mean that nothing is reported about the meantime? Donati and Florio see the lady in the hunting costume. Why is she carrying a hawk with her?

How is the lady's castle described? What does it remind you of? Describe exactly the position and clothing in which Florio will see the lady again. Do you study such representations from art history (on the website)? Again, a belt plays a crucial role. Do you have an explanation for this?


The beautiful lady of the castle leads Florio into the interior of the castle. Can Florio see under the veil?

What does the picture of the beautiful lady remind him of? Analyze this picture carefully. How does the lady explain this premonition of recognition?

Are the dreams of your youth pleasant or are they uncomfortable? Analyze carefully! How is Florio's encounter with the marble picture? How do you explain that all the pictures suddenly rise "with a terrible silence from their stands" and "all the knights on the wallpaper" laugh maliciously at him? Is this experience pleasant or uncomfortable for Florio?


What does the fact mean that he cannot find the splendid villa from last night the next day?

What does Florio see out of town on his ride? What kind of experiences did Pietro have with the Venusberg? What does he learn from Fortunato?


Analyze the singer's song in relation to the storyline.


How does Pietro interpret the song Fortunatos? Which people are persecuted by the "pagan goddess"? What brings you to her Interpret the following passage: "I sang an old, pious song, one of those original songs that move like memories and echoes from a home world through the paradise garden of our childhood and are a real landmark on which all the poetic are later in the Recognize a life that has grown older. " What is the special magic of the song?

Why can Florio now sing: "Now I am free." What is he exempt from? Why does Miss Bianca ride with me disguised as a boy? How is the relationship that is developing between Florio and Bianca? Is the ending believable? Why did Florio have to go through the adventures and experiences with the marble picture before he could turn to Bianca?



- In retrospect, carefully analyze the narrative perspective again!

- Analyze the chronological structure of the plot: on how many days does it take place? What time of day do the main events of the narrative happen? What time of day prevails in which parts of the story? How do the poems relate to this structure?

--Is there a turning point in history?

- In this story, Florio always has to choose between two options? Try to identify as many alternative pairs as possible.

--What do the names Fortunato, Florio, Bianca, Ms. Venus mean?

- What does it mean that there is so much talk of flowers or the color white?

--What are the most important stages in Florio's encounter with the marble picture?

- Analyze the individual descriptions of the marble picture and the beautiful lady very carefully.

--What is the function of Fortunatos?

- How do you interpret the knight Donati?

- Why doesn't Florio fall in love with Bianca right away?