How do we declare happiness to beginners


This boy is probably happy, as you can tell by his eyes and cheeks.

Happiness is a feeling. Those who are happy are satisfied with themselves and with the way they live. What happiness exactly is, and how one becomes happy, is what science and religion are concerned with.

The German word luck comes from the Middle Ages. “Gap” actually meant that something would turn out well. The opposite is bad luck. This word is also used for an accident.

Sometimes the word happiness is about people being happy, sometimes that they are lucky, that something good happened by chance. Anyone who is superstitious thinks that you can take care of happiness yourself with a lucky charm, a talisman.

How do you get happy?

Children in a village in Zambia, a country in Africa. Scientists have found out that there are many happy people, especially in poor countries.

There are several reasons why someone is happy. Many people become happy when they have friends and feel that others like them. It often makes you happy when you can decide for yourself how you live.

The same thing does not make all people happy. It depends on the individual. Some people are happier than others anyway, for example because they could trust their parents as children. Culture is also important: depending on the culture, country or religion, people have different values. They find family important, or making money, or studying.

There is the following contradiction in happiness: if you have enough to eat, an apartment and so on, these things no longer make you particularly happy. They have become normal for him. He only becomes happy again when he has more and other things or has achieved more.

Science has found that the body can produce certain substances. These substances, the endorphins in the brain, make you happy. Such substances can be used to manufacture drugs that make sick people happier. Some drugs work this way too. However, there are many different substances in the body and it is not entirely clear what they do together.

Is there a right to be happy?

About 250 years ago, 13 areas in North America were colonies of Great Britain. Many Americans wanted to become independent. A group of them around Thomas Jefferson said: Everyone has the right to life, freedom and the pursuit of happiness. Today we don't know exactly where they got the idea of ​​happiness and what was meant. They were probably interested in prosperity, that people were doing well and that they had more than enough to live on.

Many other politicians later also liked the idea. Others weren't so happy with the expression. The state can hardly ensure that everyone is happy. Some people will always be dissatisfied no matter how much wealth they are. The state should also not interfere in what way a person becomes happy.

It is more about the following, as the Americans probably said: The state should protect and promote people. It is similar in human rights and children's rights. Then people have the opportunity to find happiness for themselves.

Doesn't luck also have to do with chance?

Lady Fortuna, who stands for luck, was also known in the Middle Ages. This picture with a wheel of fortune can be seen in the songs from Benediktbeuern, the "Carmina Burana". It says: If you try to grab your luck, you will find that the lady on the back of the head is bald.

Strictly speaking, the German word Glück has two different meanings. In Latin there are two words for this: “felicitas” and “fortuna”. Felicitas is happiness, fortune is what happens when something happens by chance. Fortuna was therefore the goddess of fate among the ancient Romans. If someone is lucky, they used to say in German: She's got fortune!

This second meaning of luck is what is meant when talking about gambling. A game like this isn't about thinking, it's about being lucky. If you are lucky, you roll a high number when rolling the dice or draw the correct card to win. But you can also be lucky if you are not sitting in a bus that later had an accident, but missed it.

Which symbols represent luck?

People have a lot of pictures or ideas that make them think of happiness. Often it is things that are rare. For example, most shamrocks consist of three leaves, only a few of them have four. Anyone who finds one anyway has been lucky.

Another symbol is the ladybug. Maybe this is because these animals are good for agriculture. In any case, the beetle got its name after Maria. According to the Christian belief, this was the mother of Jesus. It protects people from harm.

Chimney sweeps are neither rare nor do they have a sacred name. But chimney sweeps ensure that the chimney is clean and that the air flows through well. Otherwise old soot could ignite in the chimney and set the house on fire. So chimney sweeps removed a danger when many people were still cooking with an open fire.

Can an object bring luck?

A four-leaf clover. They are very rare in nature. But clover has also been bred, which always has four leaves. However, this is nothing special anymore.

It is not far from a symbol or sign for luck to another thought: Perhaps an object that stands for luck can even bring luck. Those who believe in it carry a lucky charm with them or do things that are said to bring good luck.

The horseshoe is such a symbol: It protects the horses' hooves and is therefore a good luck charm. Horseshoes used to be very expensive too. So if you found one, you could sell it to a blacksmith, for example. Some people hang a horseshoe over the front door.

There are many other lucky symbols and lucky charms, such as the pig, the toadstool or the lucky penny. You say “lucky” if you are lucky. Different symbols are known depending on the country or culture. Many Arabs, for example, trust in the hand of Fatima, the ancient Egyptians had the scarab, a stone in the shape of a beetle.

Many people think this is a superstition. However, not everyone who has a lucky charm really believes that magical powers will bring them luck. The lucky charm is more of a thing that makes him think of something beautiful, or that reminds him of what is really important to him. If you hang a lucky charm in an apartment, for example, you show your guests: Look here, I think happiness is important.

  • Happy children in the USA

  • The hand of Fatima has one eye. This “lucky charm” drives a car in Tunisia.

  • Fortuna is often shown as blind. So she can't see who she brings happiness to.

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