Bottled mineral water is sterile
How is the quality of mineral water ensured?
Natural mineral water is the only German food to receive official recognition. The Mineral and Table Water Ordinance (MTVO) specifies exactly what constitutes natural mineral water and how it must be labeled and packaged. Regular controls - both by the wells as well as by external laboratories and the food inspection of the authorities - check the quality of the natural product. Mineral water still has to be bottled at the source in order to ensure naturalness, purity and freshness for the consumer.
What are the legal regulations like?
The legal basis for mineral and table water is the Mineral and Table Water Ordinance (MTVO).
Why can I only be served bottled mineral water in the restaurant?
In order to guarantee the natural purity until consumption, innkeepers are only allowed to serve natural mineral water in the closed bottle at the table. This is even regulated by law.
Can mineral water contain germs?
Natural mineral water must be microbiologically sound at the source, i.e. it must not contain any pathogens. Like every natural product, however, it cannot be germ-free; These types of germ are completely harmless to health. The fully automated and self-contained filling process ensures that there is no microbiological contamination during filling, as well as strictly controlled by in-house laboratories, official food monitoring and independent laboratories.
Is mineral water disinfected?
No, disinfection is expressly prohibited by law. Mineral water must not naturally have any microbiological contamination
Are increased germ counts harmful to health after long storage?
No, because it is the source's own microflora in the mineral water. These germs can multiply during prolonged storage in the bottle. They are completely harmless to health. The World Health Organization (WHO) expressly stated this again in 2002 as the result of a scientific symposium.
Is the natural bacterial flora in mineral water a concern for old or immunocompromised people?
No, because they are not pathogens. Anyone who consumes normal foods, such as baked goods, dairy products, meat and fish products, fruit and salads, can also drink mineral water without hesitation.
Only in very few cases do people have to live - temporarily - in a sterile environment, e.g. after organ or bone marrow transplants. Such high-risk patients are under strict medical supervision. All food and drinks for them must be made sterile, the air they breathe is filtered and even the water they use to wash themselves is disinfected.
Is the natural bacterial flora in mineral water a concern for infants?
No, because it is not a matter of pathogens, but of the natural source microflora of the mineral water. Normally, all water - whether mineral water or tap water - is boiled before it is used to prepare baby food. The phrase “Suitable for the preparation of baby food”, which is advertised by a number of mineral waters, mainly refers to the fact that the kidneys of infants are not yet fully developed. You can therefore not process large amounts of minerals, for example. Mineral waters with the mentioned note are tailored to these special needs. If baby food is prepared with mineral water, the opened bottle should be kept in the refrigerator and used up within a few days.
The public is currently talking about glyphosate and nitrate a lot. Can these substances also occur in mineral water?
The pesticide glyphosate is rarely found in food. This is particularly true for mineral water: Since glyphosate is very well bound by the minerals in the soil and mineral water is stored at great depths, a value above the determination limit of 50 nanograms per liter (for classification: 1 nanogram is a billionth part of a gram) very unlikely.
Nitrate is a nitrogen-containing compound that is mainly used as a component of fertilizers. Especially in areas that are used intensively for agriculture, groundwater close to the surface can have increased nitrate levels. Mineral waters contain only a small amount of nitrate, because according to the law, natural mineral water must come from water sources that are protected from such human contamination. Small amounts of nitrate occur geogenically, i.e. due to the special conditions in the interior of the earth, in mineral water. The Europe-wide maximum value of 50 mg / l applies to nitrate for mineral water. German mineral waters are far below this limit.
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