The Danes were the real Vikings

More about Denmark history

Denmark's history is shaped by different Kings, their Forms of rule and a long one Power struggle with Sweden for the supremacy of Scandinavia. But give yourself a rough idea of ​​how Denmark's history went.


The first kingdom

Already at Stone age people are said to have lived in Denmark. The first ancestors of today's Danes came in 6th century from the present Southern Sweden from to Jutlandwhere they mingled with or displaced other Germanic tribes that lived there.

Isolated first kingdoms emerged, those under Gorm the old man (Danish: Gorm den Gamle) im 10th century were united for the first time. Gorm owes his nickname to the old age that he is said to have reached at the time.

After Gorm the old man came Harald Blue Tooth, Gorm's son, to the throne. He let himself circa 960 baptize and the kingdom became christianized.

Back then, the first Danes had been seafarers until then. Nowadays almost everyone can use the term "Vikings“Imagine something. This is how all seafarers from Sweden, Norway and Denmark up to the 10th century are called.

At that time until the 11th century they were much feared - they waged wars, founded colonies, traded and plundered. So they conquered large parts of Norway, southern Jutland and the British Isles, and Denmark became a rich country. The Viking Age came to an end 1066.

14th - 16th centuries - The Kalmar Union

The Kalmar Union united the kingdoms Sweden, Denmark and Norway to a kingdom. The alliance lasted from 1397 to 1523 and initially became Denmark's ruler at the time Maragrethe I. certainly. However, clashes with Sweden were up to 17th century decisive, because the countries fought for the Domination of Scandinavia, and ultimately Sweden got the independence and left the alliance.

Of course, the Reformation also played through Martin Luther a big role for Denmark, and so was Denmark circa 1536 during the Reformation Protestant.

17th century-20th century

The clashes with Sweden for supremacy in the Baltic Sea region continued. Sweden ultimately won the fight and Denmark had to cede about a third of its territory. After the big one Northern War (1700 - 1720), during which Sweden did not lose its supremacy, a more peaceful period followed.

During the Napoleonic period Denmark initially remained neutral in Europe, but later decided to side with France. As a result, Denmark had to cede Norway and Heligoland after France's defeat.

Under Frederik VII became Denmark 1848 from an absolutist to one constitutional monarchy. From now on the king was bound by a constitution. This was one significant change in the history of Denmark.

During the German-Danish War (1864) Denmark lost under Christian IX Holstein, Schleswig and Lauenburg. During the 1st world war (1914 - 1918), Denmark remained neutral, but was nevertheless occupied by the Germans afterwards. 1945 became a Denmark Member of the UN and 1973 entered the land of European Economic Community at.

Denmark today

Margaret II is since 1972 Queen of Denmark, your son isCrown Prince Frederik. Denmark is part of the European Union, but has the currency instead of the euro Danish crown maintained. According to various studies, the inhabitants of the country are among the happiest people in the world and Denmark is still one of the most popular travel destinations for Germans.

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