What is the most common bird

The five most common species of birds

You should know that

House sparrow, blackbird, great tit, blue tit and starling - these are the five species that are most frequently spotted at the "Hour of Garden Birds" in Lower Saxony in a long-term comparison. NABU reveals interesting facts about these top 5.

House sparrow

House Sparrow - Photo: Frank Derer

Almost five House sparrows - or sparrows - have been counted per garden in recent years. The males have a gray crown edged with maroon brown, white cheeks and a black bib, the females wear a simple gray-brown. The singing of the males consists of an endless series of "chilp" calls. Sparrows are adaptable, especially when it comes to choosing where to nest. A niche under the roof, an abandoned swallow's nest or a lush green facade serve as a nursery. Nevertheless, the sparrow populations are declining. “You can help with nesting aids, for example - and landscaping that is close to nature. Then there will also be enough insects for food, ”says NABU press spokesman Philip Foth.


Blackbird with worm - Photo: NABU / Gaby Schröder

The blackbird is the only native thrush in which the sexes differ greatly. The male is completely black and has a yellow-orange - in the first year still dark gray - beak. The female is colored plain brown from the tip of the beak to the tip of the tail. Blackbirds are often hopping on the ground looking for food. Often they stop with their heads tilted to listen. Earthworms, snails and insects are among their favorite foods. Berries and fruits are added later in the year. About 150 years ago the blackbird was a rather shy forest bird, today it can be found everywhere in the settlement area. “As a classic cultural follower, she obviously gets along well there,” reports Foth.

Great tit

Great tit - Photo: NABU / Thomas Munk

The Great tit is the largest and most common tit in our latitudes. With her black and white head, the yellow underside and the distinctive black belly stripe, she is easy to recognize, but difficult to determine from the singing alone. Because in addition to the typical call "zizibäh zizibäh", great tits have a rich repertoire of vocal motifs. In addition, she has a talent for imitating other tit voices. Up to a dozen young birds can hatch from a single clutch of great tits. The parent birds are constantly on duty to stuff the hungry beaks. They collect aphids, caterpillars and spiders from leaves and twigs. At peak times, they come to the breeding cave with food almost every minute. “Great tit and blue tit are the most common nest box users. You can easily support them by offering nesting aids, ”advises Philip Foth.

Blue tit

Young blue tit after its first flight - Photo: NABU / Guenter Lessenich

The Blue tit is smaller than the great tit and lacks the black stripe on its stomach. Instead, the blue cap over the white face, a black eye stripe and the blue-colored wing and tail feathers catch the eye. Blue tits are frequent guests in local gardens once there are some older trees there. They are constantly on the move, often moving upside down along thin branches. Their singing is varied, usually starting with a high "tii-tii" and ending with a trill.


Star with earthworms - Photo: Jutta and Peter Trentz / www.naturgucker.de

The star can be recognized by its black-greenish shiny plumage, the short tail and the long beak. Male starlings are real singing talents. The bird of the year 2018 has a variety of its own singing motifs, can perfectly imitate many species of birds and other noises. He often underlines the rhythmic singing with violent wing movements. The females reward these efforts: They find the males most attractive, whose song contains the most motifs and who show the greatest perseverance when singing.


Robin Photo Contest

With the motto “My beautiful robin garden”, photos of the newly selected bird of the year 2021 can now be sent in.


Become a NABU member:

Your donation helps: