Why is ethics a practical discipline


From the Greekethics ("As for morals"), which in turn is derived fromethos (both "habit" and "character"). A branch of philosophy that deals with the fundamental questions of morality. Originally, ethics and morals had the same meaning (“morality” comes from the Latinmoralis: "Related to morals", and is a literal translation of the Greek "ethics" by Cicero). Both terms related to the practical discipline that says what is good and what is bad about human behavior. Often confused with an (exaggerated) moralism, morality was increasingly devalued, while ethics, which was presented as a science constructed by reason, gained in prestige. With the increasing loss of importance of religion, ethics has tended to become more plural and differentiated, in particular due to changes in morals and technical progress. This explains the emergence of, among other things, a bio and an environmental ethic. Today a distinction is made between three main currents, often competing with one another, in ethics: deontological ethics (based on duty and the principles given a priori), consequentialist ethics (which starts from the desired result and considers the consequences of an action to be decisive, like utilitarianism ) and virtue ethics (in which the moral quality of the action and the acting person is in the foreground).