In which countries do mulberry trees grow?

The genus mulberry or mulberry trees (Morus) belongs to the mulberry family (Moraceae) within the order of the rose-like (Rosales). The genus Morus comprises ten to 15 species, three of which are native to us: the white mulberry tree (Morus alba), the red mulberry tree (Morus rubra) and the black mulberry tree (Morus nigra).

Mulberry trees are one of the oldest cultivated plants in Asia. They were recognized for their medicinal efficacy in ancient times, which is why they were already being cultivated at that time. Typical characteristics of representatives of this genus are the grayish to brownish bark and the white sap.

leaf

The leaves of the mulberries are similar to linden leaves. They are heart-shaped or egg-shaped, with a short stalk and smooth to shiny, rarely rough on the top. The leaf blade has a length of up to ten centimeters with serrated edges. The light to dark green leaves often have a down on the underside. The branches of the More genus are slender and have fine hairs. The shape of the leaves varies depending on the species, sometimes even on the same tree.

blossom

Mulberry trees are monoecious (monoecious), more rarely dioecious separately sexed (dioecious). They have four-fold flowers that are paniculate or spiky. Some species form small single flowers, which are surrounded by bracts and result in a false flower (Pseudanthium).

fruit

The appearance of the mulberry fruits varies greatly depending on the species. They are similar in shape to blackberries, but are smaller. The color expression extends from white to yellow-red to purple and deep black.

growth

Mulberries grow single or multi-stemmed as trees or bushes and reach a height of up to 15 meters. The plants are summer green and grow slowly. The crown partly has a squat, broadly arched shape (Morus nigra). The white mulberry grows as a shrub in Germany.

Location

Mulberry trees don't like to be close together because they need space to grow. They get along with all other plants. That makes them easy neighbors. Mulberry trees prefer a partially shaded to sunny location. They do not thrive in full shade. Mulberry trees have few demands on the ground. They tolerate well-drained, sandy and loose soils with a high proportion of lime. Soils that tend to become waterlogged or contain a lot of peat are not suitable.

distribution

Mulberries come mainly from the Asian region and from the subtropical climatic zones in the northern hemisphere with the exception of the European region. They are most common in India, China, Thailand, Nepal, Bhutan, Indonesia, Cambodia, Myanmar, Korea, Taiwan and Japan. Representatives of the species Morus mesozygia grow in southern and tropical Africa. The red mulberry is native to the United States and Canada and, like the black and white mulberry, grows in cultivated form in Europe. The Morus celtidifolia occurs many times in South America (Mexico, Bolivia, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Peru and Ecuador).

use

The representatives of the genus More offer a use for different purposes. Mulberry trees are excellent suppliers of wood. The white mulberry tree (Morus alba) provides extremely hard and resistant wood that is used to make furniture, musical instruments and wine barrels. The wood of the mulberry species is very popular because of the property that it can be polished well. The fibers from the bark of the plants have a high economic benefit for the production of high quality paper. The fruits of some types of mulberry trees are edible to humans. These include the three types of white mulberry tree, red mulberry tree and black mulberry tree. Mulberries are juicy and have a sweetish taste. The red and black fruits are aromatic, the white mulberry has a weaker taste. Mulberries have no economic value because they are not marketed as fruit because of their perishability. The mulberry is becoming increasingly popular in Germany in its dried form. They are used in cereals or as a snack. Their taste is similar to that of raisins. When processed into juice, mulberries are attracting increasing attention. The taste is considered unusual because it tastes like blackberry juice, but has comparatively little acidity and also has a light rose aroma. In traditional Chinese medicine, mulberry juice is used to regulate cholesterol and blood sugar levels and as an expectorant.

The leaves of the mulberry tree are used as a basis for medical applications. They enrich many medicinal teas or infusions. The active ingredient in the leaves is considered to be anti-inflammatory. Mulberry teas also regulate digestion and optimize the water balance of the human body. The leaves of the mulberry trees, especially those of the Morus alba, were used for breeding silkworm caterpillars until the beginning of the 20th century. As a result, mulberry trees had an economic reason for silk production at that time.

Mulberry trees often grow in the form of avenues as ornamental trees on local roads. You can find them in marketplaces or schoolyards because the fruits are not poisonous. The white mulberry tree, which beautifies the landscape in parks, is widely recognized. The black mulberry is less hardy than the white mulberry. In addition, the strongly colored fruits pollute nearby paths and streets.

Care / cut

Plants from the genus of the mulberry trees require little care. Mulberry trees need a lot of water in the summer months. To enable optimal growth and a good harvest, mulberry trees need regular watering in the warm season. You should also pay attention to this in the winter months. If mulberry trees stand on nutrient-rich soil, they need little additional fertilizer.

If the tree is to flourish, it is advisable to give a small amount of liquid fertilizer weekly during the growth phase, from spring to the end of summer. When planting, mulberry trees enjoy compost, which is a good start for the trees to grow and thrive. Members of the genus More do not need a regular cut. When cultivating in plant tubs or to prevent overly spreading growth, the trees can tolerate a cut. In this case, the gardener removes the shoots that are weak or too close together. The cut is best tolerated in the spring before flowering.

Many species of the genus are hardy. Some species need brushwood winter protection or a cover. It is best to overwinter potted plants directly at the house.

Diseases / pests

Mulberry trees are not more susceptible to disease. They are considered a robust and healthy species. Worm infestation occurs during the flowering period, as the plants are more sensitive during this period. A worm infestation leads to damage to the fruit formation and consequently to bad harvests. As a preventive measure, an insecticide treatment is recommended before flowering. Powdery mildew affects the mulberry trees less often. It does no serious harm.

Plants within the genus Mulberries More